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Pergamino y Vitela. August 18, 2007

Filed under: Digital Resources Management — juanitabanana @ 6:52 pm

 pergamino.jpg

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pergamino

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         El pergamino está hecho de piel de carnero, de cabra o de asno y, en algunos casos incluso de piel humana. El proceso consiste en sumergir las pieles durante unos días en cal, tras lo cual se limpiaban del pelo, se rayan con un rasorius, se preparaban, estiraban y pulían con piedra pómez.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Las principales ventajas del pergamino sobre el papiro eran que podía escribirse por las dos caras y no absorbía la tinta, y así conservaba los colores originales. El pergamino era muy caro y escaso, por eso se solía utilizar uno antiguo, borrando las escrituras y escribiendo encima (palimpsesto). 

                           

 codice-en-vitela-gruesa.jpg

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Códice en vitela 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Por otro lado, la vitela es un tipo de pergamino extraordinariamente fino y flexible procedente de un becerro recién nacido o nonato (como San Ramón) y se utilizaba para confeccionar lujosos códices minados (adornados con miniaturas). A principios del siglo XV los libros eran enteramente manuscritos y se caligrafiaban todavía sobre pergamino o vitela, aunque el uso de papel (hecho con trapos de lino) se extendía cada vez más y las encuadernaciones en pergamino y vitela empezaron a desaparecer.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Fuentes:

  • Bibliofilia (2006). Las Encuadernaciones. Fecha de consulta: 13:15, el 17de agosto, 2007, en: Las encuadernaciones
  • Paola Ramírez. Bizancio. Fecha de Consulta: 18:45, el 18 de agosto, 2007, en: Bizancio
  • Milko. A. García Torres. Orígenes de la Tipografía. Fecha de Consulta: 18:48, el 17 de agosto, 2007, en: Orígenes de la Tipografía
 

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