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La biblioteca de Alejandría. August 20, 2007

Filed under: Digital Resources Management — juanitabanana @ 2:16 pm

  biblioteca-de-alejandria-1.jpg                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     La Biblioteca Real de Alejandría fue, en su época, la más grande del mundo. Dicen y se cree que fue creada a comienzos del siglo III a.C. por Ptolomeo I Sóter y que llegó a instalar hasta 700.000 volúmenes. Más actualmente, es decir, en 2003, una nueva Biblioteca de Alejandría originada por la UNESCO fue inaugurada. Ambas están situadas en Alejandría (Egipto).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            La historia de la antigua Biblioteca de Alejandría no tiene seriedad científica ya que hay pocos testimonios y son bastante imprecisos. La biblioteca existió, de eso no hay ninguna duda, pero todo lo escrito sobre ella es a veces contradictorio, inseguro, misterioso y lleno de suposiciones. Se ha ido desarrollando a partir de muy pocos datos que, la mayoría de las veces, son sólo aproximaciones o simplemente rumores. Se trata de un concepto mítico, de aquello que debió ser, de lo que pudo ser su encanto.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sus libros

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             En la biblioteca se depositaron los siguientes libros:

  • 200.000 volúmenes en la época de Ptolomeo I
  • 400.000 en la época de Ptolomeo II
  • 700.000 en el año 48 a.C., con Julio César
  • 900.000 en la época Cleopatra, traídos de la Biblioteca de Pérgamo.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Cada uno de estos volúmenes era un manuscrito con varios temas diferentes. Se cree que había también tres volúmenes con el título de “Historia del mundo”. Su autor era un sacerdote babilónico llamado Beroso, y el primer volumen narraba desde la Creación hasta el Diluvio, periodo que según él, había durado 432.000 años, es decir, cien veces más que en la cronología que se cita en el Antiguo Testamento. Ese número permitió identificar el origen del saber de Beroso: la India. También se sabe que allí estaban depositadas más de cien obras del dramaturgo griego Sófocles, de las que sólo nos han llegado siete.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            nueva-biblioteca-de-alejandria.jpg                        

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         La nueva biblioteca

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   La existencia de la nueva Biblioteca de Alejandría comienza casi 1500 años después de la desaparición de la original.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Este proyecto tiene como objetivo retomar el papel de la original como centro del saber mundial y punto de encuentro de todas las culturas. El edificio principal, obra de los arquitectos del estudio Snøhetta de Oslo, es un disco semisumergido en una piscina que parece un disco solar alzándose sobre el paseo marítimo de Alejandría. Las paredes de granito gris sobre las que se mantiene están decoradas con cientos de inscripciones en las que se hallan presentes todas las formas de escritura conocida; desde pictogramas a códigos de barras. Dentro de este edificio se encuentra la que es hoy por hoy la mayor sala de lectura del mundo, con capacidad para 2.000 personas.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Se dice que la biblioteca dispone de unos 200.000 libros (la mayoría son donaciones). Hay, además, 50.000 mapas, 10.000 manuscritos, 50.000 libros únicos y además 10.000 multimedia de audio y 50.000 multimedia visuales.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Dependientes de esta biblioteca se han construido además otros dos edificios, uno dedicado a centro de conferencias y otro dedicado a planetario que consta de tres museos: de la Ciencia, de la Caligrafía y de la Arqueología. Hay también un laboratorio de restauración, una biblioteca para niños invidentes o minusválidos y una moderna imprenta.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Bibliografía:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

  • Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre. La Biblioteca de Alejandría. Fecha de consulta: 13:15, el 20 de agosto, 2007. Wikipedia 

  • La Biblioteca de Alejandría. Fecha de consulta: 13:18, el 20 de agosto, 2007. La biblioteca de Alejandría 

  • Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre. Imágenes de la Biblioteca de Alejandría. Fecha de consulta: 13:20, el 20 de agosto, 2007. Imágenes

 

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