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El libro tipográfico. La imprenta manual. August 24, 2007

Filed under: Digital Resources Management — juanitabanana @ 12:34 pm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Los caracteres de la imprenta xilográfica eran fijos ya que estaban tallados a la vez de manera que cada texto necesitaba sus propios caracteres y no se podían volver a utilizar para otros textos distintos. El siguiente paso en el desarrollo de esta nueva técnica de impresión es la aparición de los caracteres móviles, lo que se consideraría ya verdadera imprenta.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Aparece Aparece en Alemania entre 1440-1450 o más específicamente en Europa central. Supuso una gran revolución respecto al tipo de imprenta anterior pues al ser los caracteres sueltos, los impresores contaban con distintos juegos de alfabetos que podían usar de modo independiente

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Gutenberg Gutenberg en Maguncia es unos de los principales nombres que se barajan como inventores. Un empleado del taller de Gutenberg, Shöeffer llegaría a ser mejor impresor aún que su maestro y en 1457 terminó de imprimir el “Salmorum codex o Salterium. Fue una obra importantísima en la Historia del libro que se distingue porque:

  • Es la primera obre impresa que indica el año y el lugar de publicación.

  • La primera que lleva marca de impresión.

  • La primera que lleva colofón.
  • La primera ilustrada.

  • La primera impresa a más de un color.

  • Y pasó directamente del impresor al encuadernador, y no por el iluminador.

  •                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Fuente:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

  • Apuntes dados en clase. Aunque resumidos y modificados.

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