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La evolución de la imprenta. August 24, 2007

Filed under: Digital Resources Management — juanitabanana @ 12:00 pm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               En Italia se conoció la imprenta hacia 1465 y para finales del siglo XV, la llegaron a conocer hasta 250 ciudades europeas. En Italia ya existían unos 500 talleres, en Alemania 200, en Francia unos 160 y en España 70. La aparición de la imprenta en Inglaterra surgió más tarde, es decir, que hacia el año 1486.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Se Se imprimieron entre 30 y 40.000 incunables, nombre con el que se conoce a los libros impresos durante el siglo XV, en Europa; las tiradas eran en general de entre 100 y 150 ejemplares, aunque algunas incluso llegaron a 2.000. La media era de unos 400 ejemplares.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Si Si se comparan las tiradas con las actuales, se llegaría a la conclusión de que los procedimientos de impresión no se llegarían a mecanizar hasta finales del siglo XVIII, debido al descubrimiento de la máquina de vapor en Inglaterra, que permitió el desarrollo de la era industrial.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            El manuscrito coexistía con el impreso, sobre todo como modelo externo. Ambas técnicas son complementarias, es decir, que no se pueden considerar aisladas. Deben de ser partes del mismo proceso reproductor. Lo único que les diferenciaba era el tipo de texto que reproducían y el público al que iba dirigido.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Muchos incunables son de gran importancia artística ya que imitaron a la perfección a los códices medievales, que acrecentaron los textos manuscritos con iluminaciones del más alto valor artístico. Los primeros impresores lograron trasladar con precisión sus características.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Fuente:

  • Apuntes dados en clase. Aunque estos resumidos y modificados.

 

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