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¿Cómo se usa Dublin Core? September 13, 2007

Filed under: Joseba Abaitua - Digital Resources Management — juanitabanana @ 12:23 am

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    En el artículo titulado “Qué es Dublincore”, podemos encontrar la definición de este término, pero en este otro artículo, lo que vamos a ver, es como se emplea.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Dublin Core presenta dos niveles: el nivel simple o sencillo y el avanzado. El nivel sencillo de Dublin Core contiene quince elementos, mientras que el nivel avanzado aporta tres (Audiencia, Origen y Titular de derechos), además, de un grupo de elementos refinados que se ocupan de la semántica de los elementos de manera útil para el descubrimiento de recursos.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Cada elemento de Dublin Core es opcional y se puede repetir. Dublin Core Metadata Initiative ha determinado formas estándar para utilizar los elementos y promover el uso de codificación y esquemas de vocabulario, aunque no hay ningún orden prescrito en Dublin Core para presentar o utilizar los elementos.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Podríamos definir brevemente cada uno de ellos de la siguiente manera:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Título:El nombre que se da al recurso. Normalmente, un Título es un nombre por el que el recurso es conocido formalmente.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Materia: El tema del contenido del recurso. Normalmente, una Materia se expresa como palabras clave, frases clave o códigos de clasificación que describen el tema del recurso

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Descripción: Debe dar cuenta del contenido del recurso. La Descripción puede incluir: una introducción, una tabla de contenidos, una referencia a una representación gráfica del contenido o texto libre que de cuenta del contenido.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Tipo: La naturaleza o género del contenido del recurso. El Tipo incluye términos que describen categorías generales, funciones, géneros o niveles para agregar contenido. Lo más recomendable es elegir un valor de un vocabulario controlado.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Fuente: Una Referencia a un recurso de la cual el propio recurso se deriva. El recurso puede derivarse del recurso de la Fuente totalmente o solo en parte.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

Relación: Una referencia a un recurso relacionado. Lo más recomendable es hacer referencia al recurso mediante una serie de números conforme a un sistema de identificación formal.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Cobertura: El alcance del contenido del recurso. La Cobertura incluye localización espacial (nombre del lugar o coordinadas geográficas), periodo temporal (una etiqueta de tiempo, fecha o aproximación de fechas) o jurisdicción (como el nombre de una entidad administrativa).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

Creador: Una entidad responsable del contenido del recurso. Ejemplos de un Creador incluyen una persona, una organización, o un servicio. Normalmente, el nombre del creador se usa para indicar la entidad.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

Editor: La entidad encargada de hacer el recurso disponible. Ejemplos de Editor incluyen una persona, una organización, o un servicio. Normalmente, el nombre de un Editor se usa para indicar la entidad.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

Colaborador: Una entidad responsable de hacer contribuciones al contenido del recurso. Ejemplos de un Colaborador incluyen una persona, una organización o un servicio. Normalmente, el nombre de un Colaborador se usa para indicar la entidad.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

Derechos: Información sobre los derechos del recurso y que le rodean. Normalmente un elemento de este tipo contiene una declaración de dirección de derechos para el recurso, o referencia a un servicio que proporcione dicha información.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Fecha: Una fecha asociada con un evento en el ciclo de la vida del recurso. Normalmente, la fecha va asociada con la creación o disponibilidad del recurso. Lo más recomendable es adoptar el formato YYYY-MM-DD (año, mes, día).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Formato: La manifestación física o digital del recurso. Normalmente, el Formato incluye el tipo digital o dimensiones del recurso. Ejemplos de dimensiones incluyen tamaño y duración. El formato se puede usar para determinar el software, hardware u otra equipación necesaria para operar con el recurso.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Identificador: Una referencia indiscutible del recurso en un contexto dado. Lo más recomendable es identificar el recurso mediante una serie de números conforme un sistema de identificación formal. Algunos ejemplos de sistemas de identificación incluyen el Identificador Uniforme de Recursos (URI) -que incluye el Localizador Uniforme de Recursos (URL), el Identificador de Objetos Digitales (DOI) y el Estandar Internacional de Número de Libro (ISBN).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Lengua: Un lenguaje del contenido intelectual del recurso.  

                                                                                                                   FUENTES:

  • Dublin Core. Wikipedia. La Enciclopedia libre. Fecha de consulta: el 13 de septiembre, 2007, a las 13:52 en: Wikipedia. 

  • Diane Hillmann. (2003, August 26) Using Dublin Core.The Elements. Fecha de consulta: el 13 de septiembre, 2007, a las 13:53 en: Diane Hillmann

 

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